Theme: Emerging Technologies and Applications of Diamond and Carbon Materials
Diamond and Carbon 2017
ConferenceSeries Ltd invites you to attend the Diamond and Carbon Materials going to be held on July 17-18, 2017 Chicago, Illinois, USA. The main theme of the conference is “Emerging Technologies and Applications of Diamond and Carbon Materials”.
Diamond and Carbon Materials 2017 International Conference is a premier forum to showcase the latest results in the science and technology of carbon materials, with an emphasis on diamond as well fundamental physical and chemical concepts to applied research focussing on the next generation carbon-based devices. Diamond and Carbon Materials 2017 is anticipated to be one the best scientific conferences in USA. The scientific sessions of this International Conference on Diamond and Carbon Materials 2017 has been designed on vivacious topics such as Nano Carbon Materials, Applications of Nano-diamond in drug delivery, Diamond and Carbon in biology and Applications of Carbon nanotubes. Diamond and Carbon Materials 2017 conference is consisting of well-organized scientific program and effervescent speeches by the expertise. ConferenceSeries Ltd Organizes 300+ Conferences, 500+ Workshops and 200+ Symposiums Every Year on Pharma, Medicine, Science and Technology across USA, Europe & Asia (conference series) with support from 1000 more scientific societies and Publishes 400+ Open access journals which contains over 30000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members. ConferenceSeries Ltd conferences always encourage the young researchers and students to share their excitement and enthusiasm with world class expertise.
On this propitious moment, we invite all the global participants to join us at Chicago, USA for " Diamond and Carbon Materials 2017", where you will be sure to have a meaningful experience with world class professors, Researchers and many industrial experts from all around the world to discuss about the current developments that are taking place in the field of Diamond and Carbon Materials. Diamond and Carbon Materials 2017 is anticipated to be one the best scientific conferences in USA. The scientific sessions of this International Conference on Diamond and Carbon Materials 2017 has been designed on vivacious topics such as Nano Carbon Materials, Applications of Nano-diamond in drug delivery, Diamond and Carbon in biology and Applications of Carbon nanotubes with the theme of “Emerging Technologies and Applications of Diamond and Carbon Materials”.
Track 1: Nano Carbon Materials
Nano carbons are among the most promising materials developed last years. Nano carbon materials include fullerenes, carbon nanotubes (CNT), carbon nanofibers (CNF), nanodiamond, onions and various hybrid forms and 3D structures based on these. Nano carbon materials such as carbon nanotubes (CNT's) and graphene have many extraordinary properties, such as a factor of 1000 times higher mobility and 10 times larger saturation velocity than Si. Several years ago these materials were available in milligram-scale quantities. Now many of them are produced by tones per year.
Related Conference: 3rd International Conference on ceramics and composite materials June 29-30, 2017, Spain, Conference on Polymer Science and Engineering October 2-4, 2017 Chicago, Polymer Science Conferences, May 8-9, 2017 Barcelona, Spain, 9th World Congress On Material Science and Engineering June 12-14, 2017 Rome, International Conference on Diamond and carbon materials March 26-27, 2017 Spain, International Conference on Novel Material March 4-11, 2017 Austria Brazilian Association for materials and metallurgy, Institute of Materials UK
Nanodiamonds are diamonds of ~5 nm in size. They can be produced by impact events such as an explosion or meteoritic impacts. A single imperfection can give a nanodiamond an isolated color center, which lets it function as single, trapped atom. Relative to the defect size, they have huge surface areas that allow them to bond with a variety of other materials. Their non-toxicity means that nanodiamonds may be useful in biomedical and mechanical applications. Although the potential of nanodiamond in drug delivery has been demonstrated, fundamental mechanisms, thermodynamics, and kinetics of drug adsorption on nanodiamond are still poorly understood. To fully exploit the potential of nanodiamond in drug delivery, attention must be paid to its purity, surface chemistry, dispersion quality, as well as to temperature, ionic composition, and other parameters of the environment that may influence drug adsorption and desorption on nanodiamond. The EDL formation is especially efficient in carbon pores of size below 1 nm that ideally match the ions size. However, for good dynamic charge propagation, the presence of meso- and macropores should aid the electrolyte transportation throughout the bulk material by providing a smaller resistance and shorter diffusion pathways. Moreover, ion buffering reservoirs can be formed in the macropores to minimize the diffusion distances to the inner surfaces.
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Track 3: Carbon materials in Energy
Carbon materials touch every aspect of our daily life in some way. Regarding todays environmental challenges carbon may be the key elemental component, usually blended into notations such as “carbon cycle” or “carbon footprint”. Interestingly, not being used as “fossil fuel”, carbon materials also considerably contribute to the field of sustainable energy. They are central in most electrochemical energy-related applications, i.e. they also help to generate, store, transport, and save energy. Nanostructured carbon is already used in fuel cells, conventional batteries and super capacitors. Electric double layer capacitors (EDLC, also called super capacitors) are energy storage devices based on the electrical adsorption of ions at the electrode/electrolyte interface (non-Faradaic process). Porous carbons are being used widely as electrode materials for super capacitors because of their high specific surface area and relatively good electrical conductivity.
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Track 4: Applications of Carbon Nanotubes
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are cylinders of one or more layers of graphene (lattice). Diameters of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) are typically 0.8 to 2 nm and 5 to 20 nm, respectively, although MWNT diameters can exceed 100 nm. CNT lengths range from less than 100 nm to 0.5 m. Individual CNT walls can be metallic or semiconducting depending on the orientation of the lattice with respect to the tube axis, which is called chirality. carbon nanotube production exceeded several thousand tons per year, used for applications in energy storage, automotive parts, boat hulls, sporting goods, water filters, thin-film electronics, coatings, actuators and electromagnetic shields, health care and environmental protection.
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Track 5: Diamond and Carbon in Biology
Carbon is essential to all known living systems, and without it life as we know it could not exist (see alternative biochemistry). The major economic use of carbon other than food and wood is in the form of hydrocarbons, most notably the fossil fuel methane gas and crude oil (petroleum). Crude oil is distilled in refineries by the petrochemical industry to produce gasoline, kerosene, and other products. Cellulose is a natural, carbon-containing polymer produced by plants in the form of wood, cotton, linen, and hemp. Cellulose is used primarily for maintaining structure in plants. Commercially valuable carbon polymers of animal origin include wool, cashmere and silk. Plastics are made from synthetic carbon polymers, often with oxygen and nitrogen atoms included at regular intervals in the main polymer chain. The raw materials for many of these synthetic substances come from crude oil. When combined with nitrogen it forms alkaloids, and with the addition of sulfur also it forms antibiotics, amino acids, and rubber products. With the addition of phosphorus to these other elements, it forms DNA and RNA, the chemical-code carriers of life, and adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the most important energy-transfer molecule in all living cells. While Diamond has been considered for use in several medical applications due to its unique mechanical, chemical, optical, and biological properties. These little gems have a wide range of potential applications in tribology, drug delivery, bioimaging and tissue engineering, and also as protein mimics and a filler material for nanocomposites.
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Carbon is an extraordinary element because of its ability to covalently bond with different orbital hybridizations. This leads to a rich variety of molecular structures that constitute the field of organic chemistry. For millennia, there were only two known substances of pure carbon atoms: graphite and diamond. The discovery of nanometer dimensional C60, and related fullerene-structures (C70, C84), spawned the field of nanocarbon research. The next major advance in carbon research was the discovery of carbon nanotubes (CNTs).The traditional electrochemical applications for carbon in solid electrode structures for the chlor-alkali industry as well in aluminum refining are giving way to more diverse applications requiring high-surface-area carbon i.e., capacitor, fuel cells, metal/air batteries and high-energy lithium batteries. In these of these applications carbon has the desirable combination of acceptable electrical conductivity, chemical/electrochemical compatibility to the surrounding environment, and availability in the appropriate structure for fabrication into electrodes. In addition, the low cost of carbon relative to other electronic conductors is an important advantage for its widespread use in electrodes, particularly in electrochemical systems that must compete with existing technologies. Diamond electrodes are particularly attractive for electrochemistry Because of its extraordinary chemical stability, diamond is a perspective electrode material to be used in electrochemistry and electrochemical engineering.
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Track 7: Novel Hybrid carbon materials
Large molecular building blocks for hybrid materials, such as large inorganic clusters, may be of the nanometer length scale. The term hybrid material is more often used if the inorganic units are formed in situ by molecular precursors, for example applying sol–gel reactions. The biggest distinction between a nanocomposite and a hybrid is that a hybrid material possesses a property that does not exist in either of the parent components. Graphene and single-walled carbon nanotubes are carbon materials that exhibit excellent electrical conductivities and large specific surface areas. An effective, economic way of using carbon fiber is to combine it with a resin and another material, either a fiber or a metal, to produce a hybrid structure.
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Track 8: Graphene and other 2D materials
Graphene was the first 2D material to be isolated. Graphene — and other two-dimensional materials — has a long list of unique properties that have made it a hot topic for intense scientific research and the development of technological applications. These also have huge potential in their own right or in combination with graphene. The extraordinary physical properties of graphene and other 2D materials have the potential to both enhance existing technologies and also create a range of new applications. Pure graphene has an exceptionally wide range of mechanical, thermal and electrical properties. Graphene can also greatly improve the thermal conductivity of a material improving heat dissipation. In applications which require very high electrical conductivity graphene can either be used by itself or as an additive to other materials. Even in very low concentrations graphene can greatly enhance the ability of electrical charge to flow in a material. Graphene’s ability to store electrical energy at very high densities is exceptional. This attribute, added to its ability to rapidly charge and discharge, makes it suitable for energy storage applications.
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Diamond and Carbon Materials is an international, interdisciplinary journal which publishes articles covering both basic and applied research on diamond materials and related materials. These include cubic boron nitride and materials with characteristics and properties approaching or possibly exceeding those of diamond. The primary emphasis is on vapour-deposited materials; equally important are high-temperature/high-pressure synthetic materials, as well as relevant natural diamond research and characterization. Papers published cover all fundamental and technological aspects of synthesis, characterization, properties, devices and generic applications of these materials.
For more details please visit: http://diamond-carbon.conferenceseries.com/
Importance & Scope:
Carbon materials (nanodiamond, carbon nanotubes, fullerenes and graphene) are one of the most fascinating platforms in the fields of nanomedicine. In their biomedical applications, surface chemical functionalization of carbon materials plays an important role.
Diamond materials and related substances already hold an important position concerning surface coatings and electronic devices. In this case, the development producing ever smaller and more efficient components will continue. Diamond might once completely replace silicon for being more stable and biocompatible than the latter, and it may be possible to establish electronic devices even at the phase boundary to living systems. A nanostructuring of diamond surfaces as well as the directed doping or chemical functionalization will multiply the potential utilization of diamond in both everyday applicaions and the high-tech segment.
Most of the industrial carbon and graphite materials are synthesized form carbonaceous precursors. But also natural graphite is an important raw material. The majority of natural graphite is still consumed for refractory applications. However its use as anode material in lithium-ion batteries is fundamental for electro-mobility.
Many physical properties of graphite are not yet sufficiently used. Better use and new, huge fields of application can be generated with nanoforms of the element carbon. This comprises fullerenes, single- and multiwall nanotubes, graphenes and other nanoforms. Most promising fields of application are in electronics, sensor technology, medical and also mechanical applications.
Chicago is among the largest cities in the U.S. Famed for its bold architecture, the population of the city is 2,695,598 and rank 3rd largest city in US. Chicago had the third largest gross metropolitan product in the United States at US$571billion. With over 2.7 million residents, it is the most populous city in the state of Illinois and the Midwest.
The city has many nicknames, which reflect the impressions and opinions about historical and contemporary Chicago. The best-known include the “Windy City” and “Second City”. Chicago has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues. The city’s waterfront location and nightlife has attracted residents and tourists alike. Over a third of the city population is concentrated in the lakefront neighborhoods of Rogers Park in the north to South Shore in the south.The nature lovers are not to be disappointed for this place has something in store for everybody. Animal lovers will love the Lincoln Park Zoo, the Brookfield Zoo, the Garfield Park Conservatory and the Lincoln Park Conservatory should satiate the eyes of those looking for some quiet enjoyment.
Culturally very sound, this city offers you the best of African American, Asian and Latino cultures. Since it was the home of the Great Migration of the early 20th centuary, you will get to experience the cultural revival of the Harlem Renaissance. This city has a century old history of holding the most jazz musical shows, which you can still get to hear the city’s many night clubs. Not just music, this place also has a lot to say about the culture of African Americans. The DuSable Museum has more than 15000 artifacts and the Bronzeville Visitor Information Center and the Gallery Guichard gives the pleasure of viewing many art galleries of both nationally and internationally renowned artists.
As a multicultural city that thrives on the harmony and diversity of its neighborhoods, Chicago today embodies the values of America’s heartland-integrity, hard work and community and reflects the ideals in the social fabric of its 77 distinct neighborhoods.
Why to attend?
Diamond and Carbon Materials 2017 International Conference is a premier forum to showcase the latest results in the science and technology of carbon materials, with an emphasis on diamond as well fundamental physical and chemical concepts to applied research focusing on the next generation carbon-based devices.
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Special Issues [OMICS Journals]
All accepted abstracts will be published in respective OMICS International Journals.
- Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering
- Organic Chemistry: Current Research
- Journal of Nanomaterials & Molecular Nanotechnology
Abstracts will be provided with Digital Object Identifier by